So, how well children come into learning to read profoundly effects how healthily they learn in their life. James Wendorf: Reading is the gateway skill.
It leads to all sorts of success, both academically and in life. You said, if I were looking out for all kids. Well, in many ways we do. Every four year old should have the chance to have his or her skill development in literacy screened before entering kindergarten. That should be universal just as it is for vision and hearing. We should know where a child is in making progress or not making progress on the road to reading because reading is so important. It is the gateway skill. David Boulton: Excellent.
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I totally agree. David Boulton: So most of our children in the process of their struggle to learn to read are going through a process that is diminishing their ability to learn. James Wendorf: There is a reading crisis and the reading crisis leads to an education crisis, and also is certainly connected to an economic crisis as you look at job formation.
Do we have people coming through the school system who can really perform the job functions that American business has to have? The answer to that now is clearly no.
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The schools are not producing. Parents who have children with learning disabilities have lived this tragedy for many, many years.
What kind of instruction in what kind of setting over what period of time is most effective in getting children up to speed in reading? Now we have some reports and good studies that have come out and there have been efforts to get the word out not only to parents and the public, but certainly to schools — the 15, school districts around the country that are making decisions everyday about how to teach kids the skill of reading.
T he real problem, the tragedy, is that even now we see that school districts are not fully embracing the most effective methods of teaching reading to children. They are not doing it. And they need more help, they need more guidance in making better decisions about the instructional materials they use and also the kind of professional development that teachers need in order to be effective. Because teachers do want to be successful. We need to raise public awareness and we need to change the way that decisions are made in schools.
Parents can be a loud voice; they can be terrific advocates. Not just for various kinds of activities in the school, but specifically, advocates for curriculum reform to make sure that reading is being taught in the most effective way. David Boulton: And as you said, we need a screening tool. We want to check where children are at when they are coming in. James Wendorf: We have the means now to screen children for early literacy skill development.
But with twenty questions over a period of twelve minutes costing less than two dollars per child, a teacher or a parent or a paraprofessional can be trained to actually screen a child and understand what it means. To understand how a four-year-old child is making progress in areas such as knowledge of print or written expression or linguistic awareness, knowledge of how language works is incredibly valuable to an early childhood educator, to a preschool teacher.
There is a revolution coming. It is happening. Instruction, curriculum, an emphasis on cognitive development, an emphasis on early literacy skill development. It is coming to pre-school.
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David Boulton: One more step on this front end. A great deal of this depends on the soundness of the instructional process, the educational process and also on the preparation of the child long before they get to school, how well they are unfolding. That solidly rests on the parents. James Wendorf: All of us have a responsibility to kids, to our youngest kids. Certainly parents have that responsibility to help them develop the language skills, the literacy skills so that they are ready to embrace school when the time comes.
So they enter the school door, they enter the classroom really lacking the equipment, lacking the context to even understand a lot of what the teacher might be saying. They lack language.
James Wendorf: Correct. David Boulton: That is why it seems so important for parents, across the spectrum socio-economically, to understand how significant this is. James Wendorf: There are some things, some steps that parents and teachers can take to help improve comprehension and to build vocabulary development. A child is actually drawn out to answer certain questions, to use language, to point, and in doing so is led through a series of exercises that actually builds language skill and vocabulary development. Whether it has to do with colors, characters, words on the page, letters on the page, any of those things.
James Wendorf: Right, and understanding of plot and understanding of the beginning, the middle, the end…all those things. James Wendorf: No. James Wendorf: Right. Do you have any number, any scope at all that you can comment on? Even a magnitude of order? I think the main thing to emphasize for anyone who has worked with a child or with an adult who has a reading problem, either who is low literate or is just struggling with reading, is that it is very apparent that it is the lost human potential, the lost self-esteem…that is the most poignant.
Crime, substance abuse, and the school drop out rate -any of those things — they are very difficult to face.
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And there is a line to be drawn between low literacy skills and those social pathologies. James Wendorf: There is a twenty-seven percent drop out rate of students with learning disabilities; that is more than twice the rate of the general population …lost human potential. There are problems with substance abuse and juvenile justice problems. What have we learned about the center of this problem? The brain research and the fMRI research showing images of the brain at work reveal conclusively that dyslexia and reading disabilities are real.
We understand where in the brain the problem is and the functioning that is not happening in those who are experiencing that disorder. The research is also leading us toward instruction, leading us toward ways that we can address the problem. How do we train teachers so that they can carry out instruction in a way that effectively addresses the reading problems, the reading disorders of children in the classroom? Because the children are there day in and day out and they need that kind of help. The teachers being trained today in schools of higher education are simply not, in many cases, getting access to the kind of training that is based on the insights that the research has revealed to us.
We need to close that gap and we need to ensure that our teachers are ready for the schools of the twenty-first century. David Boulton: Yes, at one point a simulation of that and another time a multi-media neurological schematic visualization showing the relationship between these various processes happening in real time, in relation to the code, in relation to the expressions of the face, the tone of voice, as we go in and out of decoding fluidly, from happy satisfaction into stuttering up into shame.
We will actually be able to see the correspondence between this code confusion and the stuttering of the mind, the movement into shame and the dark downward spiral into the collapse. So, often kids with learning disabilities are accused of being lazy. Kids with learning disabilities try very, very hard.
I think your demonstration showing a person, the child, engaged in the act of reading and showing that and then also demonstrating what is happening in the brain, I think that would be fascinating to show. David Boulton: When we talked on the phone you mentioned that ultimately this could be thought of as a social-educational challenge. James Wendorf: I think public awareness of the reading crisis has taken us so far.
That kind of awareness needs to be built. We need to do it. My sense of talking to parents and teachers is that they have this undifferentiated sense, even though they may have some intellectual awareness that reading is unnatural, their gut level sense is that it is natural. David Boulton: Yes, that kids should be able to read.
There must be something wrong with them. James Wendorf: Reading is not natural. Speaking, language, oral language is natural. Older struggling readers have the same problems as younger readers and need to learn and master the same skills.
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Reading Horizons is all of these things. All About Reading. All About Spelling. Sequential Spelling. Italic Series. Story of the World. Visit this link for a complete listing of independent schools for students with learning difficulties in the USA. A series of 10 articles on navigating the college experience for students with dyslexia. Beacon College. Beacon College is accredited college in Leesburg, Florida that offers traditional classes and curriculums, but they design each class in a way where dyslexic students learn and excel.
Landmark College. Landmark College in Putney, Vermont is also an accredited college that offers various Associate Degrees. Landmark takes the approach of teaching students the skills and strategies necessary for success in college and the workforce. Thank you for the extensive list. What sets them apart from other math programs like Mammoth Math.
Hi Monica. Any program that is hand-on and multi sensory is going to be a good fit for a dyslexic learner. TT is not so much multi sensory but the instruction and practice are excellent. Have you had good success with Mammoth Math? I have been looking at it and using some of the samples.